Cost reduction continues to top the list of priorities for procurement. As nations engage in trade wars and protectionist policies and extreme weather continues to cause disruption in supply chains, procurement will need to adopt new strategies to meet business objectives and goals.
Procurement can efficiently manage spend and continue to achieve cost savings through the adoption of category management, which is the process of categorizing goods and services and then managing these categories as "business units" to achieve improved outcomes in the most effective and efficient way.
Category management was developed in the 1980s and takes a project management approach to sourcing to achieve improved outcomes, which is structured, measurable and drives continuous improvement. It is used in both the public and private sector, and while there is no standard categorization or grouping requirements, a general rule is to group goods and services that have similar characteristics. Organizations can use the United Nations Standard Products and Services Code to group categories or it can develop its own homegrown models.
Category Management is Not Strategic Sourcing
Category management is not to be confused with strategic sourcing, although category management evolved from the overall strategic sourcing approach. Some of the main differences between category management and strategic sourcing include the following:
Category management conducts continual analysis to stay ahead of trends, risk, demands or supply changes. Category management also incorporates a demand management program to better understand the demand structure for goods and services used by the company and prioritize them appropriately. This ensures that the company is not wasting money.
Category managers also work closely with suppliers to continuously innovate, achieve better outcomes and add value. It requires input from various parts of the company supply chain and involves many stakeholders.
Skillsets for Category Managers
Category managers must have a detailed understanding of spend, demand, providers and markets to challenge how goods and services are acquired and delivered. The top industries with category management adoption include retail, consumer goods, and food and beverage. According to LinkedIn, the median salary of a category manager is around $100,000 per year.
A category manager needs a broad range of skills to be successful: Hard analytical skills, such as the ability to analyze large swaths of data to identify trends and gaps in the market, the ability to implement a strategic plan aligned with the goals of the business, as well as soft skills to communicate and negotiate with internal and external stakeholders.
Benefits of Category Management
The benefits of implementing a category management program include better outcomes, improved quality, greater savings, efficient use of resources, a better understanding of the market and an increased focus on collaboration and innovation. Category management can also alleviate tedious tasks, such as each business unit sourcing their own pens, by bundling and streamlining providers and contracts.
Unlike strategic sourcing, category management takes a proactive instead of a reactive approach to sourcing, which provides more insight into factors that may impact the price of a service or good. The category manager is positioned to elevate procurement as a trusted and respected business partner due to a deep understanding of spend categories and the ability to tackle waste, duplication, maverick and out-of-control spending. It also allows for greater ability to prioritize and strategize, which creates leverage to attain lower pricing and quality of services from providers.
Challenges to Adoption
A category manager acting as a catalyst will confront friction when trying to implement a category management program across the organization. Individual business units can be skeptical that the priority will be on cost control over quality, they can be resistant to change in general or they are worried about the impacts the changes may have on their current suppliers by rocking the boat.
To change the tide from skeptics to adopters, the organization must use methods that address concerns from business units and stakeholders. The category manager can alleviate concerns through open communication, creating a clearly defined value proposition and connecting with (and listening to) stakeholders across the organization.
Adopting a category management approach to sourcing will have improved contract outcomes as the process is managed end-to-end. Analytical tools that provide greater clarity and visibility into spend categories will need to be acquired, as will the talent to utilize the analytics tools. As the category manager globalizes spend categories, it provides an opportunity to collaborate with suppliers to be more agile, innovative and responsive to the business's goals.
Interested in learning more about category management? Visit the SIG Resource Center for templates, business cases, white papers and best practices from leaders in the industry or enroll in SIG University’s CSP certification program.
Stacy Mendoza is a Senior Marketing Manager with Sourcing Industry Group (SIG). She began her career as an editor for a Washington, D.C.-based market research firm where she worked on projects for political campaigns, nonprofits, and major corporations and brands. Since 2014, she has assumed progressive levels of responsibility in leading marketing and public relations campaigns and specializes in content creation, social media marketing, data analytics, media relations and crisis communications. Stacy holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in English from The Florida State University in Tallahassee, Florida, a certificate in proposal writing from The Graduate School in Washington, D.C., and is Inbound Certified through Hubspot Academy. Follow her on Twitter and tweet at @SIG_Stacy.